Talk about the  “The First Metaphysics and Current Metaphysical Concerns”. 

  1. How the Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted to explain the nature of reality and the origin of life through materialism and spiritualism (idealism).
  2. Compare the Sophists’ metaphysical views with Socrates’ view concerning truths, morals, and view on the nature of being (human person) and reality.
  3. What particular and trending metaphysical topic (political, social, moral, etc.) can contemporary philosophers address their teachings and writings to challenge the mindset of our present society? Explain by discussing a concrete metaphysical issue and analyzing it like just the way the ancient philosophers (Pre-Socratics, Sophists, and Socrates) did in the Greek society after considering the different historical context.

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