Who, What, Where, Why, and When
A. Analyze the patterns, causes, and effects of the health issue in the population. The following are examples:
Patterns may appear in the way the issue is distributed in the population, including the distinguishing characteristics of those affected. Things to look at include persons, places, and time. In a sense, public health professionals look for the common element that explains why all of these people became ill. What do they have in common?)
Causes are factors that influence one’s own risk of the disease or what is causing the issue/problem. Causes might include individual behavioral patterns, environmental and economic conditions, lack of access to healthcare, and so on.
Effects are results or outcomes of the issue/problem or disease, the effects on individuals and on the community. Examples are lower life expectancy, increased incidence of disease, higher crime rates, poor diets, polluted drinking systems, and so on.
B. Describe at least two social determinants associated with the issue. How do these determinants impact health outcomes for those affected by this issue? What are the factors (e.g., age, work, socioeconomic status) that have an impact on the affected population?
C. Describe known disparities (i.e., socioeconomic, demographic, educational, cultural, and geographic) associated with the health outcomes of specific populations with regard to the public health issue.